Notre Dame and Penn State: Two Rape Scandals, Only One Cry for Justice

Two storied college football programs. Two rape scandals. Only one national outcry. How do we begin to explain the exponentially different levels of attention paid to crimes of violence and power at Penn State and Notre Dame?
At Penn State, revered assistant coach Jerry Sandusky was raping young boys while being shielded by a conspiracy of silence of those in power at the football powerhouse. At Notre Dame, it's not young boys being raped by an assistant coach. It's women being threatened, assaulted, and raped by players on the school's unbeaten football team. Yet a sports media that's overwhelmingly male and ineffably giddy about Fighting Irish football’s return to prominence has enacted their own conspiracy of silence.
As unbeaten Notre Dame prepares to play in tonight’s national championship game against Alabama, the sports media has chosen not to discuss the fact that this football team has two players on its roster suspected of sexual assault and rape; two players whose crimes have been ignored; two players whose accusers felt harassed and intimidated; two players whose presence on the field Monday night should be seen as a national disgrace.
The main reason this is taking place is because their accusers are not pressing charges. One cannot, because she is dead. 19-year-old Lizzy Seeberg, a student at neighboring St. Mary's College, took her own life after her claims of being assaulted in a dorm room were met with threats and indifference. The other accuser, despite description of a brutal rape, won't file charges “absolutely 100%” because of what Seeberg experienced.

Lizzy Seeberg was a first semester freshman and from a family of Notre Dame graduates. After an evening where she socialized with members of the football team, Lizzy came forward with accusations of a sexual assault. After writing out a statement and submitting to medical attention, she received texts from another member of the team that read, "Don't do anything you would regret" and “Messing with Notre Dame football is a bad idea."

To show that she wouldn't rock the boat Lizzy was compelled by her peers to go to the next game, stencil the Notre Dame logos into her face, and cheer her assaulter. As Melinda Henneberger, a Washington Post reporter and Notre Dame alum who has investigated the sexual assaults on campus extensively, wrote,  "On Sept. 7, she wrote her therapist, 'I can't get out of this f*!#ing hole I've started to dig. I'm trying to go to sleep because I'm sick with a cold and need to get rest but I can't stop thinking about taking all the pills I can find. I'm ready to check out because this sucks.'  She promised [her therapist] she would never follow through. But then, on Sept. 9, she had a panic attack during a mandatory freshman orientation on sexual assault."

That panic attack preceded her suicide. If in life Lizzy Seeberg suffered at the hands of not only players on the team, but the people in power who ignored her pleas, in death these forces have gone further and slandered her to a shocking degree. They have claimed Lizzy was a “troubled girl” who was “all over the boy”, as well as mentally unstable. As Henneberger wrote,“The damage to her memory since then is arguably more of a violation than anything she reported to police -- and all the more shocking because it was not done thoughtlessly, by a kid in a moment he can't take back, but on purpose, by the very adults who heavily market the moral leadership of a Catholic institution. Notre Dame's mission statement could not be clearer: ‘The university is dedicated to the pursuit and sharing of truth for its own sake.’ But in this case, the university did just the opposite.”
School President Reverend John I. Jenkins has shown no public regard or concern for the fact that his school has become a place where women alumni warn prospective female students that rape has become a part of campus life. Football coach Brian Kelly, to his shame, treated questions about Lizzy's suicide as a joke.
But this conspiracy of silence and slander is bigger than just the school. Deindustrialized South Bend, Indiana is a company town, and the company is Notre Dame football. The football program in 2012 was valued by Forbes as the third "most valuable" in the country, behind far larger state universities in Texas and Michigan. This is just the formal economy. Informally, every hotel, every bar, every kid at the side of the road selling bottled water depends on Notre Dame football. Home games generate $10 million in local spending for a community of just 100,000 people. It is the beating economic heart of South Bend and women have become, in this sclerotic set up, the collateral damage.
But the cone of silence that surrounds a company college football town is not enough to understand why Penn State’s rape scandal was front-page news the second the Sandusky scandal went public and Notre Dame has been largely protected by the press. The only answer that makes sense is that raping women has become "normalized" in our culture while raping little boys has not. The only answer that makes sense is that the rape of a young boy sets all sorts of alarms of horror in the minds of the very male sports media, while the rape of women does not. The only answer that makes sense is that it's been internalized that while boys are helpless in the face of a predator, women are responsible for their assault. The accusers are the accused.
This is not just a Notre Dame issue. At too many universities, too many football players are schooled to see women as the spoils of being a campus God. But it's also an issue beyond the commodification of women on a big football campus. It's the fruit of a culture where politicians can write laws that aim to define the difference between "rape" and "forcible rape" and candidates for senate can speak about pregnancy from rape being either a “gift from God” or biologically impossible in the case of “legitimate rape.” It’s a culture where comedians like Daniel Tosh or Tucker Max can joke about violently raping, as Max puts it, a “gender hardwired for whoredom”. The themes of power, rape, and lack of accountability are just as clear in the case of the Steubenville, Ohio football players not only boasting that they “so raped” an unconscious girl but feeling confident enough to videotape their boasts.

As Jessica Valenti wrote at, "It’s time to acknowledge that the rape epidemic in the United States is not just about the crimes themselves, but our own cultural and political willful ignorance. Rape is as American as apple pie—until we own that, nothing will change."
If the sports media is any indicator, we're nowhere close to owning this reality. Instead, on Monday night, much of the country will cheer for the Fighting Irish of old Notre Dame. It’s as American as apple pie.
[Dave Zirin is the author of the forthcoming “Game Over: How Politics Has Turned the SportsWorld Upside Down” (The New Press) Receive his column every week by emailing Contact him at]

16 Reader Comments | Add a comment

It's not just college sports...

Dave: The recent matter surrounding the alleged rape of a teenager by 2 members of a high school football team in Steubenville, Ohio should also warrant a column or at least some sort of an add-on. How about it?


I agree with the other commentor. Maybe you could include some discussion on this topic at your talk coming up in Pittsburgh, which is very close by.


Good column Dave.

rape is endemic to an american militaristic country

Good piece dave!

rape is endemic to an Indian caste country

Like usual, your idiotic blame-America-first ideology gets in the way of an article. Rape is endemic to men the world around.

New Dehli has an abominable culture of rape. Same with South Africa.

Religious Oppression

The real problem is that the Catholic Church, when child rape, is one of the largest organized crime outfits in the world. Tornado will undoubtedly accuse me of religious bigotry, but who cares? If Notre Dame was a secular institution this story would get much more play.


should read: when it comes to child rape

Steubenville, et all, and Jock Impunity

Jocks who act with impunity, school administrators more concerned with PR than with the real damage done by this culture of impunity, the rise of Trench Coat Mafias externalizing aggression to an impersonal world, and suicides; see any connections here?

Too bad someone with a moral sense (plus a credible threat of just violence) couldn’t make these morons kneel down, beg for their lives, and learn the meaning of humility before a power greater than themselves.

"Lizzy was compelled by her peers"

to go to the next game. Zirin's words, not mine. Maybe the sick anti-individualism supported by the US media and justice system is one of the root causes of people doing moronic things like cheering on your oppresser. There are horrible consequences of the groupthink that exists in a national socialist society such as the USA 2013.

An intelligent response to this tragedy would be for ALL women to boycott Notre Dame, ultimately resulting in a 100% male student body. That would most likely hurt recruiting and the company, eventually resulting in a needed culture change. Of course that's not happening and women will continue to be abused under existing or harsher future but equally ineffective rape laws.

Notre Dame and Penn State

Good stuff Dave! Keep up the good work

Another interesting one

Dad, I think this speaks for itself. Cheer, cheer for old Notre Dame...? F that.....

Justice delayed is justice denied

DZ wants justice for the two girls at ND. So do I. If justice is to be obtained then we have to enter the legal system or as I like to call it legal-land. One could get justice outside the system but too many times it denigrates to vigilante justice. For justice to be rendered the naming of names has to be done and hopefully a DA will take action. Since this hasn't occurred my opinion would be for the jocks to be imprisoned till they become impotent. But remember this is only an opinion not justice.

PS. A hypothetical: If DZ found out the identity of the jocks in question would he publish their names before a trial?

Similar scenario in Ohio.

Are you familiar with the similar scandal in Steubenville, Ohio? It's just starting to get some attention now, much too long after the fact. Another case of the media failing miserably. Thanks Dave.

Please get your facts straight.

Seeberg did not allege rape.

patek philippe replica watches sale

Due to our really minimal pricing, all of our watches are 100% high quality and brand new.

Good info

Hello! ffacfdg interesting ffacfdg site! I'm really like it! Very, very ffacfdg good!

16 Reader Comments | Add a comment

PLEASE NOTE: This forum is for dialog between Edge of Sports readers. Discuss!

Submit your comment below:

Your Name


(Only if we need to contact you—not for advertising purposes)



Dave Zirin is the author of the book: "Welcome to the Terrordome: The Pain, Politics and Promise of Sports" (Haymarket). You can receive his column Edge of Sports, every week by going to
Become an Edge of Sports Sustainer (Click Here)

Contact him at